Implications of New Evidence on the History of Late Cretaceous Languages

From Letters to the Journal of Transcircumstantial Linguistics


A.B. Dunwitte, W.B. van Beek, R. Akutagawa

There have been many attempts to find (one would hesitate to say “forge”) links between the so-called “Maastrichtic languages”and those of our home timeline. The curious reader may find arguments for relationships between one or more the late Maastrichtian time period and Algic, Sino-tibetan, and Turkic languages to name only the most popular. However, unambiguous evidence has yet to present itself for any genetic relationship other than that between all Maastrichtic languages and the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family, specifically English.

A case study of the value of this interpretation is presented in the reconstructed origins of the mythological city called “Megga.” Stories of this edenic settlement are wide-spread in Maastrichtian cultures, including the Eethlek (Meggha), Fesh (Ma’ash), and Kacharan (Me’eye). In addition, the archaic toponym for the forests north of the Hell Creek Floodplain (The Thalassian province of Pinea), Nuwa, is well attested from Nwa and Thalassian sources, as is Spek Nmo for the floodplain, itself (The Ethlek lands, often called Alluvia, more properly “the Face of God where the Mud Dries”). The cognate nature of these two sets of terms is widely accepted, reconstructed at proto-Eethlek *Mega and proto-Nwa *Nuam.

The genetic relationship between these two groups of words did not come to light until recently, when a tax document pertaining to a 1st dynasty (~1000 years PC) Senerian merchant vessel was found to preserve the intriguing ethnonym “Nu Amaga people” to describe “barbarians dwelling along the end of the Seaway.” Thus it seems likely that Me’eye, Meggha, Megga, Nwa, and possibly nwirga (“pirate” in Thalassian) are all derivatives of a phrase reconstructable as *nu ameega.

The temptation to name the first Maastrichtian human settlement “New America” is great indeed.

But what sort of language did the ancient “Meggans” speak? We can make surprisingly specific educated guesses.

The most conservative Maastrichtic languages are attested in the jjii, or etching plates, of the Orthodox Memorialist churches of Seneria. There may be seen a language that, like “Meggan” and modern English, preserved analytic morphology and lacked vowel harmony.

Even in this earliest source, however, we can already see the elision of unstressed vowels, (see Old Memorialist pejis, Orthodox Memorialist pjis, and modern Senarian jjii). If we are the reconstruct the English word “pages,” we must also assume a very early “Meggan” shift of preferred emphasis from the first to the second syllable of nouns. This shift in turn must have occurred after the voicing of intervocalic consonants (Orthodox Memorialist dar, Old Memorialist adar from “Meggan” *ader, Eng. “water”). A later tendency to turn intervocalic voiced consonants into flaps or burrs is present only in Maastrichtian North American languages such as Ethlek (ni-rrar), and Nwa (arra). Accusative morphology is common among Maastrichtic languages, leading to the assumption that the reconstructed form *adwit iit fuud (I-do-it eat food) (for unagentive direct objects) versus *adwim iit daad (I-do-him eat father) (agentive direct  object) was already commonplace by time of the Fall of Megga, some 2,500 years Pre-Contact.

The implications of this monogenic theory of Maastrichtic evolution extend far beyond the reconstruction of the “Meggan” language. If all Maastrichtic languages can be assumed to have derived from 21st century American English, then the world of “Maastrichtia” itself becomes an in incalculably valuable natural laboratory of linguistic evolution. For example, the fact that no Maastrichtic language has been found to be tonal or pitch-determined gives credence to the proposed relationship between the ASPM mutation (present in most European-Americans and all examined Maastrichtian people) and atonality. In addition, the multiple unrelated instances of head-final languages in what must have once been a solely head-initial world adds another brick to the Chomskian citadel of universal grammar.

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  • Very nice!

    I’d never heard of the ASPM mutation before. (I assumed it was something made up for this.) Fascinating idea.

    • dan

      Yes! Maybe I should include a bibliography with links.
      Funny thing about the Microcephaly gene. Of course it may not have anything to do with tonality or even language (and many European languages might be said to use pitch accent), BUT it is interesting to note that although northern Afroasiatic languages (Hebrew, Arabic, etc) are not tonal, their branches south of the Sahara (like Swahili) are. And some creoles evolved from European spoken by non-Europeans like Saramaccan ( and Papiamentu ( have re-invented tone.

      • The most tonal European languages are supposed to be the Nordic languages — not sure if that has any bearing on this.

        Swahili is Bantu, not Afro-Asiatic. But, looking into it further, Hausa (which is Afro-Asiatic) has a continuum where northern dialects are atonal and southern ones tonal. Same for some other, unrelated languages in the same region (Songhay, Soninke).

        • dan

          You’re right about Swahili. Sorry. And in fact it’s “unusual among sub-Saharan languages in having lost the feature of lexical tone” so I don’t know what I was thinking.

          As for Nordic languages, it looks like Norwegian and Swedish (but not other Scandinavian languages) have pitch accent like Japanese, where a stressed syllable is pronounced with higher pitch (rather than for a longer time, as in English). At least that’s my understanding from this: